Endocrinology and Metabolism

Hormones are mediators of signals that control growth, reproduction and reactions to stress and the environment. The major endocrine organs that secrete hormones are as follows: pituitary gland, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal gland, ovary and the testis.
Endocrine disorders are displayed when there is altered control (deficiency or overproduction) of the secretion of hormones. The Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism provides care for patients with hormonal disorders including diabetes, obesity, thyroid disorders, metabolic bone diseases including osteoporosis, pituitary gland disorders, lipid disorders, infertility and secondary hypertension. The staff is consisted of a faculty that is devoted to patient care, teaching, basic and clinical research, and to the practice of all of the subspecialties of endocrinology. A multi-disciplinary team consisting of endocrinologists, diabetes nurse educators and dietitians provide medical management of referred patients who are at risk from developing diabetic complications from diabetes, those who require the education and the review of management. A multi-disciplinary team approaches for obesity is also available. A thyroid clinic is separately operated for patients with thyroid disorders.

The diseases and conditions evaluated and treated include:   

1.Diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, secondary diabetes 

2. Obesity and metabolic syndrome: bariatric surgery 

3. Thyroid disorders: thyroid cancers, thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis 

4. Metabolic bone disorders: osteoporosis, parathyroid disorders, osteomalacia 

5. Pituitary disorders: acromegaly, prolactinoma, pituitary tumors, hypopituitarism 

6. Adrenal disorders: secondary hypertension, Cushing syndrome, adrenal adenoma

7. Hypogonadism, postmenopausal syndrome, amenorrhea 

8. Dyslipidemia.